(Australian Associated Press)


Men and women, young and old are divided about the upcoming Australian Day public holiday according to a survey conducted less than a week before its spot on the calendar.

Australia has seven national public holidays, four of them between December 25 and January 26.

The last, officially called Australia Day, is held on the date British Royal Navy vessels raised a Union Jack at Sydney Cove, called Warrane by the Aboriginal people who fished and lived there.

Close to 234 years later, the date and holiday are an ongoing source of contention that divides generations.

CoreData surveyed 1292 people on Thursday and found “a generational and gender divide among Australians over the significance of the day and its position in the calendar”.

The research consultancy asked whether people planned to celebrate, whether they supported moving the holiday to another date and how their opinions had changed in recent years.

Overall, 54 per cent of respondents said they planned to mark the occasion, with 30 per cent saying they would be celebrating the history and achievements of Australia and 15 per cent “just because it was a public holiday”.

More than two-thirds of respondents aged 26 and under say they won’t be celebrating on January 26, with just over 30 per cent saying they will.

But more than 80 per cent of them support moving the date for the sake of improving relations with the Indigenous population, as do more than 70 per cent of those aged 27 to 41.

Support for change dropped among older respondents, with just over 30 per cent of those 56 to 75 and 25 per cent of those older supporting a change in date.

Opinions were more evenly split among 42- to 55-year-olds but the majority still supported keeping the holiday on its current date.

There were also less significant discrepancies in gender.

Men were less likely to support changing the date or having a holiday to reflect on Australian and Aboriginal history than women and were more likely to celebrate Australia Day.

CoreData says “the political overtones” attached to the day and its meaning have “given younger Australians pause to think”.

About 40 per cent of the youngest surveyed group and 30 per cent of the next oldest category said their opinions had changed in recent years “due to their perceptions of the political meaning of the day”.

In contrast, fewer than 10 per cent of the two oldest categories have adjusted their view.

Warriors of the Aboriginal Resistance, described as “a collective of young Aboriginal people committed to the cause of decolonisation” announced on Friday it would not be organising a protest on the day it marks as Invasion Day due to the pandemic.

It will be the first time since 2015 the group hasn’t organised the protest march in Melbourne.

“We want to be on the street fighting for our people but the time isn’t now,” the organisation said, directing people to an online event instead.